1944 Pennsylvania Railroad
NO. 6200 6-8-6
THIS YEAR marked a particular milestone for steam in that the
Pennsylvania placed in service the first coal-burning locomotive
without cylindersthe S2, first direct-drive steam turbine
engine ever built in the United States. Jointly designed by Baldwin,
Westinghouse, and Pennsylvania engineers, it had two turbines
for forward and reverse operation. Some of the objectives of the
design were to eliminate the reciprocating parts of the conventional
steam engine, obtain a uniform application of power to the drivers,
and gain the economics turbo-drive makes possibleat speeds
above 30 miles an hour, steam consumption per horsepower at the
rail is considerably less than that of a comparable reciprocating
steam locomotive. Maximum efficiency is reached at a speed of
about 70 miles an hour, although with a full-length standard train
it can attain a 100 mile-an-hour speed.
Builder-Baldwin Locomotive Works
Water- 19,500 gal.
Forward turbine-6,900 H.P. at operating speed of 9,000 R.P.M.
Reverse turbine-1,500 H.P. at operating speed of 8,300 R.P.M.
Weight, total-1,040,200 lb.
Steam Pressure-310 lb.
Length, coupler to coupler-122 feet 7¼ inches
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