THE Climax Patent Geared Locomotive is now in successful
operation in almost every part of the civilized world. When it
is remembered that it is only ten years since this improved type
of engine was placed on the market, its success must be regarded
as the best, evidence of its superior worth. The great and increasing
demand for this engine has necessitated the increasing from time
to time of facilities on the part of the manufacturers, in the
way of new buildings and special tools and machinery, until today
their equipment is complete in every detail. The Climax Patent
Geared Locomotive is made upon the most modern and approved principles,
its center gearing, which is peculiar to this type of engine,
furnishing and maintaining an equal distribution of power to both
The design of this catalogue is twofold. First, to illustrate
the superior construction of this locomotive, and, second, to
show a number of views of the engine taken while in operation,
all of which tell their own story of efficiency and ability to
perform its task under the most difficult conditions. We have
thought it best to show these illustrations in preference to printed
testimonials, of which we have hundreds on file in our office,
copies of which we shall be pleased to furnish on application.
The matter of greatest importance to a purchaser of a locomotive
of our type is to know that he is getting the best. We fully guarantee
the Climax Patent Geared Locomotive, both for workmanship and
material, and invite a thorough investigation of its merits. An
impartial trial will demonstrate its worth. Estimates and full
particulars are cheerfully furnished on any size or type desired.
CLIMAX MANUFACTURING COMPANY
Horizontal Style-Brief Description
THE Climax Patent Geared Locomotive has many points
in its construction peculiar to itself that have earned for it
such worldwide popularity for durability, strength and efficiency.
It is the outcome of a demand for an engine that has great traction
power and flexibility to adjust itself when running upon light
and cheaply constructed tracks, on steep grades, sharp curves
and rough and uneven roadbeds. It is built for any practical gauge,
and to run on either wooden, steel or even pole roads, as desired.
While we recommend the building of steel tracks wherever possible,
yet the wooden stringer railroad is successfully and profitably
operated upon by our locomotive weighing up to twenty tons.
The Locomotive is mounted on two four-wheel trucks which
have a spring over each axle in addition to those between the
bolsters, making them flexible on the road and able to adjust
themselves to irregularities of the track.
A Horizontal Engine is attached to the frame on each
side of the boiler and transmits the power to the square line
shafts, which have universal couplings, extending to both truck
line shafts, on which are steel pinions, meshing into the axle
gears, transmitting the power equally to all wheels and with equal
traction to both rails. The engine parts are all in open view,
readily accessible and adjustable to wear. The cross-heads have
phosphor bronze shoes. The rods have screw wedge adjustment, The
links are made in halves of forged steel, case hardened, and with
the link pins of hardened tool steel with phosphor bronze bushings.
The reversing shaft is made of hammered steel with forged arms,
and the valve motion is perfected by improved link motion, adjustable
to cut-off at equal points and to back up as much as it will pull
View of Geared Truck
The Boiler is mounted in the center of a steel frame,
and is a regular horizontal locomotive style, having the tubes
well submerged, permitting it to run up the steepest grades without
baring either end. All boilers are tested, stamped and numbered
as required by steam boiler insurance companies. Copper ferrules
are on the fire-box end, preventing expansion and leakage. A water
space is around the firebox, the crown sheet being securely fastened
by stay bolts, screwed down from the top, and riveted at both
ends. There are cleaning out plugs around the corners and a blow-off
cock attached. A large steam dome is in the center, giving dry
steam at all times, from which a dry pipe leads through the smoke
box and saddle to the cylinders. The fire-box is large, giving
plenty of grate service, and grates are provided for coal or wood.
An extension smoke box with spark arresting screen is attached
and suitable cinder dumps and poke holes are arranged so the cinders
can be taken out without interfering with the gearing. A straight
cast stack is used for coal, and a diamond stack, with improved
spark arrester, when wood fuel is used.
The Ash Pan is strongly made, with a proper regulating damper.
Dry steam is taken into the steam box in the cab from which the
connections are made. The boiler is lined with asbestos and covered
with a Russia iron jacket. A sand dome with lever and lead pipes
to the rails are attached.
The Frame is made of steel channels with heavy steel
liners reinforcing the center, large corner brackets being riveted
to the channel and bolted to heavy oak end sills to which the
drawheads are fastened. The frames are connected by double trussed
iron bolsters. Two large truss rods stiffen the frame, having
turn buckles in the center.
View of Geared Truck, Showing the Adjustment of Gears
The Trucks, as shown in the engravings, are made on
a new principle. The wheels are all driving wheels. Channels 12
inches wide connect the centers on which the center springs set,
with an additional spring over each axle, making it easy and flexible
on the track. The bolster is double trussed with rub irons on
each end, and a wrought iron tic-bar connects the ends
of the truck frames and supports the brake hangers. A steel gear
is placed on the center of the axle, having the hub pressed to
place, and gear rims made in halves, and are interchangeable,
so that they can be renewed quickly when worn out. The line
shaft runs over the top of the axle and is held in place by our
patented cross-boxes and sleeves. The cross-boxes have interchangeable
phosphor bronze liners made in halves and adjustable to wear.
Sleeve couplings and bronze rings are fitted on the axle between
the gear and the wheel on one side and the cross-box and wheel
on the other, holding the gear in mesh and line shaft in position,
and taking up the side wear. Steel pinions are placed on the outside
of the axle gears next to the cross-box and adjustable collars
are on the line shaft inside the cross-box, preventing the end
play of the shaft and making them adjustable to wear. The power
is transmitted by the line shaft pinions to the axle gears, thereby
giving equal power to each wheel and equal traction on both rails,
and permitting it to curve equally as well one way as the other.
Wheels for wood or steel rails are used as desired.
The axles and line shafts are made of special hammered steel and
are very large to avoid breakage. Journal boxes of approved pattern
are used with heavy brasses, having deep oil cellars filled with
A Brake Cylinder is attached to the center of the channel
iron on each truck, and the brake lever is connected to the piston
rod of the brake cylinder, making the brake complete on each truck,
swinging with the trucks on curves, and holding the brake shoes
as tightly as on a straight line, without corner binding. By this
arrangement the long brake rod and chain is obviated and double
security is had. The truck frames are made strong and substantial,
and lock nuts are an all bolts, preventing the parts from loosening.
The Cab is of hardwood, with sliding windows and doors
opening onto the running boards on each side of the boiler. An
adjustable ventilator is in center of cab roof. It has wide back
corner ends with window lights, and is fitted with seats for the
engineer and fireman.
The Tank is horse shoe shaped, with flaring top, and
is securely braced and fastened to the frame. The locomotive is
equipped complete with all tools and fittings for its operation,
including steam brake, steam syphon and suction hose for taking
water, two injectors, sight feed lubricator, water gauge try cocks,
steam gauge headlight, bell, whistle, pop valve, machinist hammer,
pipe wrench, monkey wrench, chisel, punch, oil cans, clinker bar
and poker. It is painted, varnished, lettered and numbered as
WE also build lighter locomotives, having same style
of trucks, with our patent gearing. These locomotives have a frame
made of Southern pine or oak.
A Pair of High Speed Double Acting Engines are located
in the center of the main frame, made of the best material and
workmanship. Phosphor bronze shoes on the cross-heads are adjustable
to wear. Links are made in halves of hardened steel. The main
rods are solid forged, and the brasses are adjustable to wear
by wedge, and all the working parts are made interchangeable as
well as adjusted to wear. A pair of steel spur gears are on the
engine shaft, meshing into a corresponding pair on the center
shaft, which gives two powers or speeds, either of which
may be used, giving the advantage of doubling the power when necessary
to overcome a steep grade, or where an exceptionally heavy pull
is to be made, which is not used on any other geared locomotive
The Center Shaft is made of Steel, on which the main
gears are fitted. Universal couplings and square line shafts connect
to the trucks, permitting each truck to curve independent of the
The Boiler is T shape, having horizontal tubes, a water
space around the firebox, extension smoke box, large steam and
water capacity, and is a very economical steamer. Grates are furnished
for coal or wood.
The Tank is round, carrying plenty of water. The Cab
is canopy shaped, with open sides, and can be arranged for curtain
or enclosed with sliding windows on sides of engine and end doors,
It is equipped with all standard fittings and tools for its
operation. We furnish detailed specifications, giving fully all
dimensions of each size locomotive that may be desired with every
proposition that we make.
High Speed Vertical Engine, Used in Upright Style Locomotive
Locomotive, Style "A"
Car, without Springs
Car, with Springs
A complete record of each locomotive is kept, as an important
feature of our construction is the system of duplicate parts.
All the working parts of each locomotive are interchangeable with
others of the same class and kind, and blue prints showing all
the working parts numbered and lettered are furnished to every
We keep a stock of fitted duplicate parts for all sizes and
kinds, so that orders for repairs are accurately and promptly
Special Sizes and Styles
This catalogue contains many sizes and styles of locomotives
from which to select, but we are able to make any change in the
general construction to suit the special requirements of the customer.
We wish the following information in order to submit proposition
and specifications of an engine that we would recommend and warrant
to do the work:
1. Gauge of track and length of road.
2. Steepest grade and sharpest curves on said grade.
3. Weight of load and number of cars to be hauled up the grade.
4. Kind of fuel.
5. Weight of rail.
We will appreciate all the information regarding traffic desired
to haul daily, and number of miles expected to run, as we may
be able to make valuable suggestions regarding the most suitable
We have been exporting many Locomotives in the past few years
where they come in competition --ith the best European builders,
as well as with our home competitors, but the simplicity of design
of the Climax Geared Locomotive, the ease with which it is cared
for and handled, and the wearing parts kept up and renewed, make
it very easy for the foreigner to run and operate successfully.
The Climax Geared Locomotive is able to overcome the steep grades
and sharp curves over the rough and uneven roadbed, upon light
rails, with greater traction power than other locomotives requiring
much more expensive track.
We have them in Hawaiian Islands, Australia, New Zealand, Mexico
and South America, as well as Alaska, and in nearly every one
of our own States.
Great care is exercised in taking down, boxing and packing
all parts for protection against damages during ocean voyages.
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